Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Combines cognitive and behavioural techniques. It focuses on current problems, rather than past issues, and aims to change the way clients think and behave to help them deal with their problems in a more positive way. It has been effective for stress-related ailments, phobias, obsessions, eating disorders and (in combination with drug treatment) major depression.
Creative Arts Therapy
This form of therapy is based on the restorative and healing capacity of the creative arts as medicine for troubled souls. Working with symbolism, it provides an alternative way for those who struggle to verbalise their experiences, to express their (often unconscious) inner-most thoughts and feelings.
Devised by Carl Rogers, this is also known as Rogerian or client-centred counselling. It is based on the view that everyone has the capacity and desire for personal growth and change, given the right conditions. Rather than being seen as the expert and directing the therapy, the counsellor offers unconditional positive regard, empathy and congruence to help the client develop and grow in their own way.
The psychodynamic approach is derived from psychoanalysis, but focuses on immediate problems to try to provide a quicker solution.
This approach stresses the importance of the unconscious and past experience in shaping current behaviour. The therapist aims to build an accepting and trusting relationship with the client, encouraging them to talk about childhood relationships with parents and other significant people. It uses similar techniques to psychotherapy, including free association, interpretation and especially transference, where the client projects feelings experienced in previous significant relationships onto the therapist.
Transpersonal couples therapy
This form of counselling or therapy places emphasis on spirituality, human potential or heightened consciousness within relationships. It stems from the belief that the partners we ‘pick’ are the perfect people to help us realise our full potential by jolting us out of familiar patterns and allowing us, as individuals and as a couple, to grow.